The summer may have passed, but the streets of Jamaica are on fire. Every so often the vibes in the place shift a degree or two, and September found many of dancehall’s top artists in full-on war mode.

Clashing is embedded in the DNA of dancehall, with epic sound system competitions and lyrical battles stretching back half a century. There’s no need to ask who started it: once the war kicks off, all that matters is who’s in it to win it.